Circular Fabrics Impact Metrics

Jonathan Flanders Chief Innovation Officer

Results

Attributes *Determined from results of study minus the totals from the analysis parameter PC Resin Collection and Sorting, as it was determined to be inapplicable to Circular Blu's collection process.

  1. 100% PCR Content
  2. 90% Reduction in Energy Consumption when compared to a similar product made from Virgin resin (adjusted from 88%)
  3. 51% reduction in water use when compared to virgin resin (adjusted from 46%)
  4. 77% reduction in contribution to global warming (adjusted from 71%)
  5. 64% reduction in acidification (adjusted from 58%)
  6. 44% reduction in Eutrophication (adjusted from 43%)
  7. 62% reduction in Smog creation (adjusted from 50%)

Source

LIFE CYCLE IMPACTS FOR POST CONSUMER RECYCLED RESINS: PET, HDPE, AND PP (Released 12/2018))
https://plasticsrecycling.org/images/apr/2018-APR-Recycled-Resin-Report.pdf

The above study was chosen for it's recency and the credibility of the authoring agencies. It is the most comprehensive study available. This analysis is based solely on the findings of the above study, with slight adjustments made to the results to be more applicable to the Circular Blu process.

Analysis

  1. The study involved a detailed LCA of the entire process of municipal recycling of a variety of resins, including polypropylene.
    • The study analyzed curbside collection to procure the plastic waste for recycling.
  2. Information from the source study was taken and adjusted to more accurately reflect our plastic recycling process, due to the following:
    • The study analyzed the collection of single stream recycling from municipal consumers, and the aggregation and sorting of the mixed recycling to homogenous plastics by type.
    • Circular Blu collects homogenous sterilization wrap in large amounts from fewer point sources, therefore, the metrics associated with curbside collection and sorting are not applicable to our process.
  3. Circular Blu only collects polypropylene, so the data taken from the study is all based on PP data.
  4. The Cut-off method of analysis was used for the results (see General Notes About the Study below for description of cut-off method).
  5. The study analyzes the production of recycled resin vs virgin resin, which becomes the feedstock for product creation. The study does not analyze the steps of turning plastic resin into products.

Savings for Recycled Resins

The table shows that savings for recycled resins are greatest when using the cut-off recycling methodology. For open-loop methodology, the addition of an allocated share of virgin resin burdens increases the results for recycled resins. As a result, open-loop savings compared to virgin resin are lower.

The Adjustment Methodology

Total energy results for recycled resin compared to virgin resin

The above table shows the itemized energy consumption results for each step of the recycling process. The unadjusted figure was determined by taking the Recycled Resin Pellet Total** and comparing it to the Virgin Pellet (including Feedstock Energy) figure:

8.89 MJ / 74.4 MJ = 0.119 x 100 = 11.9%
100% - 11.9% = 88 % (rounded)

The energy input from PC Resin Collection and Sorting was subtracted from the total because it is not applicable to our process. Making the adjustment results in the following:

8.89 MJ - 1.64 MJ = 7.25 MJ
7.25 MJ / 74.4 MJ = 0.0974 x 100 = 9.74%
100% - 9.74% = 90% (rounded)

The same adjustment was made for each of the analysis criteria. The above calculation for the energy consumption is detailed above as an example of how each adjustment was made. There is a table for each analysis criteria within the source study detailing the data contribution. For each parameter, PC Resin Collection and Sorting input data was removed to make the adjusted figures.

General Notes About the Study